- Advertising Agencies
- Architects

- Banks

- Car Dealers
- Car Rental
- Casinos
- Commerce
- Consulting
- Cosmetology
- Craft

- Data Processing &
Computer Systems
- Decoration &

- Editing
- Elementary Schools
- Engineering &
- Environment / Waste
Management Services
- Express Delivery

- Fashion
- Financial Services
- Food & Beverage
- Furnished Apartments

- Health / Beauty
- Higher & Vocational
- Home Appliances
- Hotels 3
- Hotels 4(A)
- Hotels 4(B)
- Hotels 5
- Hotel & Restaurant

- Industry
- Insurance
- Interior Design /
- Internet

- Jewelleries

- Lighting
- Luxury

- Media
- Music

- Office Equipment /
- Oriental Carpets
- Outside Decoration

- Printing
- Promotional Materials

- Real Estate
- Recruitment
- Restaurants

- Sanitary Wares
- Security
- Services
- Sweets

- Taxi
- Telecommunication &
Mobile Phones
- Transport
- Travel Agencies
- Technical Studies

- Watches
- Water Treatment



Back to archives Back to news
French Version

Air pollution, environmental damage costs Lebanon $565 million a year (Daily Star)

World Bank calls for private sector participation to reduce degradation

Air pollution and environmental damage to coastlines and natural resources in Lebanon are costing the country around $565 million a year, between 2.8 percent and 4 percent of GDP, according to a recent report by the World Bank.

In a survey published in Bank Audi-Saradar's weekly report, the World Bank called for remedial action and private-sector participation to reduce environmental degradation that is costing Lebanon one and a half times more than high-income countries.

Lebanon had the highest cost of coastal degradation among six Arab countries surveyed, the second highest cost in terms of water pollution, third highest in air pollution, and the fourth highest in terms of land degradation. The report noted that the cost to the global environment is estimated at about $90 million, or 0.5 percent of GDP a year, leading to a total cost of $655 million or 3.9 percent of GDP. The World Bank said Lebanon has suffered severe coastal and natural resource degradation in the past 30 years due in particular to uncontrolled construction. The annual cost of coastal zone degradation is at $110 million, degradation of land resources and wildlife at $100 million yearly, and damage costs associated with solid waste management at $10 million. The report also indicated that the cost of inadequate potable water, sanitation and hygiene is assessed at $175 million a year, followed by air pollution at $170 million. Some 62 percent of the total damage cost is from damage to health and quality of life, and 38 percent from natural resource degradation, as the cost to health and quality of life is about 2.1 percent of GDP and the cost for natural resources is at 1.3 percent of GDP. The survey said the most negative impacts on health are caused by urban pollution in Greater Beirut and in the city of Tripoli, costing an estimated 0.8 percent of GDP a year. The cost of natural resource degradation is predominantly from losses in recreational, touristic, ecological and nonuse values associated with coast-zone degradation at between 0.6 percent and 0.75 percent of GDP a year. The report added that there is very limited potential for international beach tourism due to several decades of coastal degradation. To reduce such degradation and protect the environment, the World Bank suggested the implementation of strict enforcement by the state of environmental legislation, creating public-private partnerships, and raising environmental awareness and local participation. The World Bank encouraged the private sector to bear the cost of remedying the pollution and degradation it causes.

The report estimated the overall remediation cost of indoor and outdoor pollution at 0.31percent of GDP, while the necessary improvement in potable water quality would cost $0.2 per cubic meter, equivalent to an annual cost of 0.28 percent of GDP. The report added that the cost of wastewater treatment and agricultural land rehabilitation would amount to 0.2 percent of GDP for each. The report was not totally negative however, noting Lebanon's accomplishments in environment management and protection in the past decade, such as establishing an Environment Ministry in 1993, enacting an Environment Code in 2002, banning the use of light diesel vehicles, and improving solid-waste collection and disposal.

Beirut 31-01-2005
Paul Cochrane
The Daily Star

Business News
Business Forum
Business Opportunities
Fairs & Exhibitions
Useful Addresses
Currency Exchange Rates
Some Marks
To see in Lebanon
Media of 1stlebanon
Impact of 1stlebanon
Add your company
Press Book
Flowers delivery Lebanon
Flowers delivery Dubai
Oriental food specialty
Lebanese wine
Real estate agency Beirut
Hotel Hamra-Beirut
Car rental
Rent a car lebanon
Reservation for your travel in Lebanon
Association des français de l'étranger
-section Liban
Diamond jewelry Lebanon
Jewelry manufacturer Lebanon
Jewelry watches-Swiss made watches
Diamond Swiss watches
Modern and comtemporary jewelry
Byzantine & Phoenician jewelry
Jewelry creation
Oriental, classical and traditional decoration
Hand made furniture
Construction management Lebanon
Projects development
Shoes manufacturer and distributor Lebanon
Sole agent of Philips & Whirlpool in Lebanon
Web development
Web marketing
Printing press services
Paper products
Insurance company Lebanon
Insurance Lebanon
Rent villas France
Hotels all over Syria
Hotel management company
University Lebanon
Arab Media News